In this blog lets us know about basic rule of cricket.
Cricket is a sport that is played between two teams of eleven players each. It is a bat-and-ball game that is played on a rectangular field, with a pitch in the centre.
The object of the game is to score runs by hitting the ball with a bat and running between the wickets. The team that scores the most runs wins the match. In this article, we will discuss the basic rules of cricket.
1. Cricket is played with a bat and ball between two teams with 11 players each
Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a field at the center of which is a 20-meter (22-yard) pitch with a wicket at each end, each comprising two bails balanced on three stumps.
The batting side scores runs by striking the ball bowled at the wicket with the bat, while the bowling and fielding side tries to prevent this and dismiss each player.
Means of dismissal include being bowled, when the ball hits the stumps and dislodges the bails, and by the fielding side catching the ball after it is hit by the bat, but before it hits the ground.
When ten players have been dismissed, the innings ends and the teams swap roles. The game is adjudicated by two umpires, aided by a third umpire and match referee in international matches.
They communicate with two off-field scorers who record the match’s statistical information.
2. Different ways to score runs in cricket match
There are a number of ways to score runs in cricket, with the most common being through hitting the ball with the bat and running between the wickets. Other ways include leg byes, byes and extras.
Hitting the ball with the bat and running between the wickets is the most common way to score runs. The batsman hits the ball and then runs to the other end of the pitch, where the other batsman is waiting. The batsmen then swap ends and the second batsman hits the ball and runs. This continues until one of the batsmen is out, at which point the innings ends.
Leg byes occur when the batsman hits the ball with his leg and it goes to the boundary, scoring four runs. Byes occur when the ball goes to the boundary without being touched by the batsman, scoring four runs. Extras occur when the batsman hits the ball twice, the ball goes out of bounds, or the bowler bowls a no ball.
No balls occur when the bowler bowls a ball that is not within the rules. This results in the batsman being awarded one run, as well as any runs that are scored off of the no ball.
The number of runs that are scored off of a no ball can vary, as it depends on how the batsman hits the ball. If the batsman hits the ball for a boundary, four runs are scored. If the batsman hits the ball and runs, the number of runs scored depends on how many times the batsmen swap ends before one of them is out.
Batman can also hit the ball outside the boundary directly to get maximum 6 runs on a single delivery.
The number of runs that are scored off of an extra ball can also vary. If the batsman hits the ball twice, the number of runs scored depends on how many times the batsmen swap ends before one of them is out. If the ball goes out of bounds, four runs are scored.
In cricket, the aim is to score more runs than the opposition. The team that scores the most runs in their innings wins the match.
3. Different types of out – Basic rule of cricket
A batsman can get out in cricket in many ways, the most common being bowled, caught, leg before wicket (lbw), run out, and stumped.
Bowled: The batsman is out if his wicket is hit by the ball and he is not able to stop it from dislodging the bails.
Caught: The batsman is out if he hits the ball with his bat or body and it is subsequently caught by the fielding side, before it hits the ground.
Leg before wicket (lbw): The batsman is out if he hits the ball with his body rather than his bat, and it would have hit the stumps if the body was not in the way.
Run out: The batsman is out if he is completely out of his crease when the ball is bowled, and the wicket-keeper or a fielder dislodges the bails.
Stumped: The batsman is out if the wicket-keeper manages to dislodge the bails while the batsman is out of his crease and not attempting a run.
There are other less common ways of getting out, such as hit wicket, handling the ball and obstructing the field.
A batsman can also be given out if the umpire believes he has committed a serious offence, such as deliberately trying to hit the ball with his bat away from the pitch, or using unfair means to attempt to change the course of the ball.
This is known as being given out for bad light or rain, or for time wasting.
4. Length of games
Cricket games can last anywhere from a few hours to a few days. The length of the game depends on the format of the match.
For example, a Test match, which is the longest form of the game, can last up to five days. On the other hand, a Twenty20 match, the shortest form of the game, only lasts for about three hours.
The length of a cricket game can also be affected by the weather. If the weather is bad, the game may have to be stopped for a period of time.
This can extend the length of the game by a few hours or even a few days.
In general, cricket games can last anywhere from a few hours to a few days. The length of the game depends on the format of the match and the weather conditions.